Permanent Collection

Lung-shan culture (2600 – 2000 BC)

 In 1928, Wu Chin-ting, one of the research fellows of the Institute, first discovered the remains of the Lung-shan culture in Cheng-tze-yai, at the town Lung-shan, Shantung. Later in 1934, lead by Li Chi, other researchers of the Institute found more remains of the Lung-shan culture along the eastern coastline of Shantung Province. The next year, test excavations were carried out at the Wa-wu-ts'un and Ta-ku-tui sites in Liang-ch'eng-chen. These excavations established the foundation for the study of Lung-shan culture.
Nowadays, Lung-shan culture is still conventionally divided into the “Ch’eng-tze-yai type” and the “Liang-ch’eng-chen type;” the former spread alongside ancient swamps of the northwestern Shantung Peninsula, and the latter throughout the southeast of the Peninsula. The fellows of the Institute found the items exhibited, in the remains of Lung-shan culture, from 1928 to 1935.

Oracle Bone

This oracle bone was unearthed from the lower cultural stratum of the Ch’eng-tzu-yai site, and clearly belonged to the Lung-shan culture. There are two differences between oracle bones of the Lung-shan period and those of the Shang dynasty. The Lung-shan oracle bones show no signs of systematic T-shaped drilling used to control the crack-signs and contain no inscriptions. The oracle bone is used for divination and reveals aspects of the spiritual life of the Lung-shan culture.

Tall-stemmed Egg Shell Black Pottery Cup

This is one of the few well-preserved examples of egg shell pottery. The cup and foot were made separately. The incised lines appear on the lower section of the cup. The tall-stem foot includes fourteen bamboo joints, eleven of which are marked by small triangular holes.

Red Pottery Kuei Pitcher

This red pottery kuei is made of sandy clay. Three rivet-shaped decorations appear on the chest and two sides of the spout. The upper portion of the spout is slightly contracted. The mouth rim tilts backward. Cord patterns decorate the handle. The pottery kuei pitcher is a typical vessel type of the Ta-wen-k’ou and Shantung Lung-shan culture.

Jade Yueh Axe

There were nine objects excavated from tomb M2 of Ta-ku-tui, most of which are black or grey pottery. The jade axe was found on the right side of the pelvis of the dead. There are two holes on the axe; the surface was light green and finely polished. Although the axe is plain, it is nevertheless delicately made.

Black Pottery Bottle-shaped Vessel

This object is of the shouldered kuan jug or tsun vessel type. A concave groove appears on the square lip. An incised line decorates the joint of the neck and shoulder. The body looks like bamboo joints below the shoulder. The shoulder is symmetrically decorated with a pair of “ears” with curly rope patterns and rivet decoration.