Modernity of Hygiene in Meiji Japan, 1868-1905

   The objective of my paper is to investigate three ways in which an hygienic modernity had been established in Meiji Japan; (i) how the imperialists accepted and applied German ideas of modern medicine and hygiene to the making of Meiji empire; (ii) how Meiji-leading doctors learned about the German modern system of hygiene to expand Meiji empire to Asian countries; and (iii) how modern germ theory functioned as the formation of imperial bodies in Meiji period.