關鍵詞：阮元 王念孫 王引之 《經義述聞》 乾嘉學術
the Origin of the Publication of Yuan Juan's Ku Yün Er Shih Yi Pu (The
Twenty-One Rhyme Categories of Ancient Phonology); Also on the Authorship of
Ching Yi Shu Wen (Report of the Interpretations of the Classics That
Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica
This paper examines two issues. The first studies the origin of the publication of Ku Yün Er Shih Yi Pu (古韻廿一部, The Twenty-One Rhyme Categories of Ancient Phonology) by the famous Ch'ing philologist Yuan Juan (阮元, 1764-1849). This study corrects an error that Kuo-wei Wang made on the very subject in his Kuan T'ang Chi Lin. The other issue, which is even more important, concerns the authorship of Ching Yi Shu Wen (經義述聞, Report of the Interpretations of the Classics That Were Heard). From the correspondence between Juan and Yin-chih Wang (王引之, 1766-1834) on the publication of Ku Yün Er Shih Yi Pu, one finds that Wang knew little about the research of his father Nien-sun Wang (王念孫, 1744-1832). This finding leads to the doubt that the most famous work of the Classics Studies of the Ch'ing Dynasty, namely Ching Yi Shu Wen, was indeed a product of the joint study of the father and son, as the literature commonly suggests. Based on tedious examinations, I argue that this book was mainly the work of Nien-sun alone. He was the author of most of the ideas in the book that were ascribed to his son Yin-chih, misleading ascriptions that were apparently made to increase his son's fame as a scholar.
Keywords:Yuan Juan, Nien-sun Wang, Yin-chih Wang, Ching Yi Shu Wen (Report of the Interpretations of the Classics That Were Heard), Ch’ing Evidential Research